Initiated in 1984 by Alain Dominique Perrin, President of Cartier International at the time, the Fondation Cartier pour l’art contemporain launches the tradition of corporate philanthropy in France. The unique metal and glass building was specially designed by young Jean Nouvel in 1994. The aim was to create a meeting point between contemporary artists and their audience. The French architect engenders fluid and airy space, by removing partitions (enclosures), and bathes it in natural light coming from the large picture windows. The Cartier Foundation emerges in a large garden, Theatrum Botanicum, landscaped by Lothar Baumgarten. Today it hosts up to 240 species of plants and trees, including the famous Chateaubriand cedar placed at the entrance.